Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (8)
Updated: 01 March 2004
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ifrename - rename network interfaces based on various static criteria  


ifrename [-c configfile] [-p] [-d] [-v] [-V] [-D]
ifrename [-c configfile] [-i interface] [-n newname]  


Ifrename is a tool allowing you to assign a consistent name to each of your network interface.

By default, interface names are dynamic, and each network interface is assigned the first available name (eth0, eth1...). The order network interfaces are created may vary. For built-in interfaces, the kernel boot time enumeration may vary. For removable interface, the user may plug them in any order.

Ifrename allow the user to decide what name a network interface will have. Ifrename can use a variety of selectors to specify how interface names match the network interfaces on the system, the most common selector is the interface MAC address.

Ifrename must be run before interfaces are brought up, which is why it's mostly useful in various scripts (init, hotplug) but is seldom used directly by the user. By default, ifrename renames all present system interfaces using mappings defined in /etc/iftab.  


-c configfile
Set the configuration file to be used (by default /etc/iftab). The configuration file define the mapping between selectors and interface names, and is described in iftab(5).
If configfile is "-", the configuration is read from stdin.
Probe (load) kernel modules before renaming interfaces. By default ifrename only check interfaces already loaded, and doesn't auto-load the required kernel modules. This option enables smooth integration with system not loading modules before calling ifrename.
Enable various Debian specific hacks. Combined with -p, only modules for interfaces specified in /etc/network/interface are loaded.
-i interface
Only rename the specified interface as opposed to all interfaces on the system. The new interface name is printed.
-n newname
When used with -i, specify the new name of the interface. The list of mappings from the configuration file is bypassed, the interface specified with -i is renamed directly to newname. The new name may be a wildcard containing a single '*'.
When used without -i, rename interfaces by using only mappings that would rename them to newname. The new name may not be a wildcard. This use of ifrename is discouraged, because inefficient (-n without -i). All the interfaces of the system need to be processed at each invocation, therefore in most case it is not faster than just letting ifrename renaming all of them (without both -n and -i).
Enable name takeover support. This allow interface name swapping between two or more interfaces.
Takeover enable an interface to 'steal' the name of another interface. This works only with kernel 2.6.X and if the other interface is down. Consequently, this is not compatible with Hotplug. The other interface is assigned a random name, but may be renamed later with 'ifrename'.
The number of takeovers is limited to avoid circular loops, and therefore some complex multi-way name swapping situations may not be fully processed.
In any case, name swapping and the use of this feature is discouraged, and you are invited to choose unique and unambiguous names for your interfaces...
Dry-run mode. Ifrename won't change any interface, it will only print new interface name, if applicable, and return.
In dry-run mode, interface name wildcards are not resolved. New interface name is printed, even if it is the same as the old name.
Verbose mode. Ifrename will display internal results of parsing its configuration file and querying the interfaces selectors. Combined with the dry-run option, this is a good way to debug complex configurations or trivial problems.


Jean Tourrilhes - jt@hpl.hp.com  




ifconfig(8), ip(8), iftab(5).




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