KOI8-R

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (7)
Updated: 2001-05-28
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NAME

koi8-r - Russian Net Character Set encoded in octal, decimal, and hexadecimal  

DESCRIPTION

KOI8-R is the character set of choice for encoding Russian texts for many Unix-like operation systems. KOI8-R is a successor for KOI-8, a de-facto standard for Internet Mail, News, WWW and other interactive services at least all over the ex-SU territory.

KOI8-R is defined by RFC 1489 (Registration of a Cyrillic Character Set).

 

NOTE

KOI8-R was designed for mixed Russian/English texts and covers only Russian Cyrillic characters, so if you're looking for Ukrainian, Byelorussian, etc. Cyrillic characters, try ISO-IR-111, or KOI8-U (Ukrainian Character Set), or KOI8-C (for ancient Russian texts) instead, which are identical to KOI8-R in the Russian Cyrillic letters area.

A more complete set of Cyrillic characters is also defined by the ISO-8859-5 character set.

 

KOI8-R Characters

The following table displays the characters in KOI8-R, which are printable and unlisted in the ascii(7) manual page.

OctDecHexCharDescription

20012880??FORMS LIGHT HORIZONTAL
20112981??FORMS LIGHT VERTICAL
20213082??FORMS LIGHT DOWN AND RIGHT
20313183??FORMS LIGHT DOWN AND LEFT
20413284??FORMS LIGHT UP AND RIGHT
20513385??FORMS LIGHT UP AND LEFT
20613486??FORMS LIGHT VERTICAL AND RIGHT
20713587??FORMS LIGHT VERTICAL AND LEFT
21013688??FORMS LIGHT DOWN AND HORIZONTAL
21113789??FORMS LIGHT UP AND HORIZONTAL
2121388A??FORMS LIGHT VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL
2131398B??UPPER HALF BLOCK
2141408C??LOWER HALF BLOCK
2151418D??FULL BLOCK
2161428E??LEFT HALF BLOCK
2171438F??RIGHT HALF BLOCK
22014490??LIGHT SHADE
22114591??MEDIUM SHADE
22214692??DARK SHADE
22314793??TOP HALF INTEGRAL
22414894??BLACK SMALL SQUARE
22514995??BULLET OPERATOR
22615096??SQUARE ROOT
22715197??ALMOST EQUAL TO
23015298??LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO
23115399??GREATER THAN OR EQUAL TO
2321549A??NON-BREAKING SPACE
2331559B??BOTTOM HALF INTEGRAL
2341569C??DEGREE SIGN
2351579D??SUPERSCRIPT DIGIT TWO
2361589E??MIDDLE DOT
2371599F??DIVISION SIGN
240160A0? FORMS DOUBLE HORIZONTAL
241161A1??FORMS DOUBLE VERTICAL
242162A2??FORMS DOWN SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
243163A3??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IO
244164A4??FORMS DOWN DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE
245165A5??FORMS DOUBLE DOWN AND RIGHT
246166A6??FORMS DOWN SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
247167A7??FORMS DOWN DOUBLE AND LEFT SINGLE
250168A8??FORMS DOUBLE DOWN AND LEFT
251169A9?(C)FORMS UP SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
252170AA??FORMS UP DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE
253171AB?<<FORMS DOUBLE UP AND RIGHT
254172AC??FORMS UP SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
255173AD?-FORMS UP DOUBLE AND LEFT SINGLE
256174AE?(R)FORMS DOUBLE UP AND LEFT
257175AF??FORMS VERTICAL SINGLE AND RIGHT DOUBLE
260176B0??FORMS VERTICAL DOUBLE AND RIGHT SINGLE
261177B1??FORMS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND RIGHT
262178B2??FORMS VERTICAL SINGLE AND LEFT DOUBLE
263179B3??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IO
264180B4??FORMS VERTICAL DOUBLE AND LEFT SINGLE
265181B5?uFORMS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND LEFT
266182B6??FORMS DOWN SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL DOUBLE
267183B7??FORMS DOWN DOUBLE AND HORIZONTAL SINGLE
270184B8?,FORMS DOUBLE DOWN AND HORIZONTAL
271185B9??FORMS UP SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL DOUBLE
272186BA??FORMS UP DOUBLE AND HORIZONTAL SINGLE
273187BB?>>FORMS DOUBLE UP AND HORIZONTAL
274188BC? 1/4 FORMS VERTICAL SINGLE AND HORIZONTAL DOUBLE
275189BD? 1/2 FORMS VERTICAL DOUBLE AND HORIZONTAL SINGLE
276190BE? 3/4 FORMS DOUBLE VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL
277191BF??COPYRIGHT SIGN
300192C0??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IU
301193C1??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER A
302194C2??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER BE
303195C3??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TSE
304196C4??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER DE
305197C5??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IE
306198C6??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EF
307199C7??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER GE
310200C8??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KHA
311201C9??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER II
312202CA??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHORT II
313203CB??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER KA
314204CC??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EL
315205CD??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EM
316206CE??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER EN
317207CF??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER O
320208D0??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER PE
321209D1??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER IA
322210D2??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ER
323211D3??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ES
324212D4??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER TE
325213D5??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER U
326214D6??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZHE
327215D7??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER VE
330216D8??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SOFT SIGN
331217D9??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER YERI
332218DA??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER ZE
333219DB??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHA
334220DC??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER REVERSED E
335221DD??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER SHCHA
336222DE??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER CHE
337223DF??CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER HARD SIGN
340224E0? CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IU
341225E1??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER A
342226E2??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER BE
343227E3??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TSE
344228E4??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER DE
345229E5??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IE
346230E6??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EF
347231E7??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER GE
350232E8??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KHA
351233E9?(C)CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER II
352234EA??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHORT II
353235EB?<<CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER KA
354236EC??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EL
355237ED?-CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EM
356238EE?(R)CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER EN
357239EF??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER O
360240F0??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER PE
361241F1??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER IA
362242F2??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ER
363243F3??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ES
364244F4??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER TE
365245F5?uCYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER U
366246F6??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZHE
367247F7??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER VE
370248F8?,CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SOFT SIGN
371249F9??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER YERI
372250FA??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER ZE
373251FB?>>CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHA
374252FC? 1/4 CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER REVERSED E
375253FD? 1/2 CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER SHCHA
376254FE? 3/4 CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER CHE
377255FF??CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER HARD SIGN

 

SEE ALSO

ascii(7), iso-8859-7(7) (not yet written), RFC 1489, http://koi8.pp.ru/


 

Index

NAME
DESCRIPTION
NOTE
KOI8-R Characters
SEE ALSO

linux.jgfs.net manual pages