SEM_INIT

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
Updated: 2006-03-25
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NAME

sem_init - initialise an unnamed semaphore  

SYNOPSIS

#include <semaphore.h>

int sem_init(sem_t *sem, int pshared, unsigned int value);
 

DESCRIPTION

sem_init() initialises the unnamed semaphore at the address pointed to by sem. The value argument specifies the initial value for the semaphore.

The pshared argument indicates whether this semaphore is to be shared between the threads of a process, or between processes.

If pshared has the value 0, then the semaphore is shared between the threads of a process, and should be located at some address that is visible to all threads (e.g., a global variable, or a variable allocated dynamically on the heap).

If pshared is non-zero, then the semaphore is shared between processes, and should be located in a region of shared memory (see shm_open(3), mmap(2), and shmget(2)). (Since a child created by fork(2) inherits its parent's memory mappings, it can also access the semaphore.) Any process that can access the shared memory region can operate on the semaphore using sem_post(3), sem_wait(3), etc.

Initialising a semaphore that has already been initialised results in undefined behaviour.  

RETURN VALUE

sem_init() returns 0 on success; on error, -1 is returned, and errno is set to indicate the error.  

ERRORS

EINVAL
value exceeds SEM_VALUE_MAX.
ENOSYS
pshared is non-zero, but the system does not support process-shared semaphores (see sem_overview(7)).
 

CONFORMING TO

POSIX.1-2001.  

NOTES

Bizarrely, POSIX.1-2001 does not specify the value that should be returned by a successful call to sem_init(). However, virtually every implementation returns zero in this case.  

SEE ALSO

sem_destroy(3), sem_post(3), sem_wait(3), sem_overview(7)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
ERRORS
CONFORMING TO
NOTES
SEE ALSO

linux.jgfs.net manual pages