OFFSETOF

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
Updated: 2006-05-23
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

offsetof - offset of a structure member  

SYNOPSIS

#include <stddef.h>

size_t offsetof(type, member);  

DESCRIPTION

The macro offsetof() returns the offset of the field member from the start of the structure type.

This macro is useful because the sizes of the fields that compose a structure can vary across implementations, and compilers may insert different numbers of padding bytes between fields. Consequently, an element's offset is not necessarily given by the sum of the sizes of the previous elements.

A compiler error will result if member is not aligned to a byte boundary (i.e., it is a bit field).  

RETURN VALUE

offsetof() returns the offset of the given element within the given type, in units of bytes.  

EXAMPLE

On a Linux/x86 system, when compiled using the default gcc(1) options, the program below produces the following output:


    $ ./a.out
    offsets: i=0; c=4; d=8 a=16
    sizeof(struct s)=16
    

#include <stddef.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

int main()
{
    struct s {
        int i;
        char c;
        double d;
        char a[];
    };

    /* Output is compiler dependent */
    
    printf("offsets: i=%ld; c=%ld; d=%ld a=%ld\n",
            (long) offsetof(struct s, i), 
            (long) offsetof(struct s, c),
            (long) offsetof(struct s, d), 
            (long) offsetof(struct s, a));
    printf("sizeof(struct s)=%ld\n", (long) sizeof(struct s));
    
    exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
}
 

CONFORMING TO

POSIX.1-2001.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
EXAMPLE
CONFORMING TO

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