GETIPNODEBYNAME

Section: C Library Functions (3)
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BSD mandoc
BSD 4  

NAME

getipnodebyname getipnodebyaddr - get network host entry
freehostent - free network host entry  

SYNOPSIS

Fd #include <netdb.h>

Ft struct hostent * Fn getipnodebyname const char *name int af int flags int *error Ft struct hostent * Fn getipnodebyaddr const void *addr size_t len int af int *error Ft void Fn freehostent struct hostent *he  

DESCRIPTION

Fn Getipnodebyname , and Fn getipnodebyaddr each return a pointer to a Ft hostent structure (see below) describing an internet host referenced by name or by address, as the function names indicate. This structure contains either the information obtained from the name server, named(8), or broken-out fields from a line in /etc/hosts If the local name server is not running, these routines do a lookup in /etc/hosts
struct  hostent {
        char    *h_name;        /* official name of host */
        char    **h_aliases;    /* alias list */
        int     h_addrtype;     /* host address type */
        int     h_length;       /* length of address */
        char    **h_addr_list;  /* list of addresses from name server */
};

#define h_addr  h_addr_list[0]  /* address, for backward compatibility */

The members of this structure are:

h_name
Official name of the host.
h_aliases
A zero-terminated array of alternate names for the host.
h_addrtype
The type of address being returned.
h_length
The length, in bytes, of the address.
h_addr_list
A zero-terminated array of network addresses for the host. Host addresses are returned in network byte order.
h_addr
The first address in h_addr_list ; this is for backward compatibility.

This structure should be freed after use by calling Fn freehostent .

When using the nameserver, Fn getiphostbyaddr will search for the named host in each parent domain given in the ``search '' directive of resolv.conf5 unless the name contains a dot (``.'' ) If the name contains no dot, and if the environment variable HOSTALIASES contains the name of an alias file, the alias file will first be searched for an alias matching the input name. See hostname(7) for the domain search procedure and the alias file format.

Fn Getiphostbyaddr can be told to look for IPv4 addresses, IPv6 addresses or both IPv4 and IPv6. If IPv4 addresses only are to be looked up then Fa af should be set to AF_INET , otherwise it should be set to AF_INET6 .

There are three flags that can be set

AI_V4MAPPED
Return IPv4 addresses if no IPv6 addresses are found. This flag is ignored unless Fa af is AF_INET6
AI_ALL
Return IPv4 addresses as well IPv6 addresses if AI_V4MAPPED is set. This flag is ignored unless Fa af is AF_INET6
AI_ADDRCONFIG
Only return addresses of a given type if the system has an active interface with that type.

Also AI_DEFAULT is defined to be (AI_V4MAPPED|AI_ADDRCONFIG)

Fn Getipnodebyaddr will lookup IPv4 mapped and compatible addresses in the IPv4 name space and IPv6 name space

Fn Freehostent frees the hostent structure allocated be Fn getipnodebyname and Fn getipnodebyaddr . The structures returned by Fn gethostbyname , Fn gethostbyname2 , Fn gethostbyaddr and Fn gethostent should not be passed to Fn freehostent as they are pointers to static areas.  

ENVIRONMENT

HOSTALIASES
Name of file containing (host alias , full hostname ) pairs.

 

FILES

/etc/hosts
See hosts(5).

 

DIAGNOSTICS

Error return status from Fn getipnodebyname and Fn getipnodebyaddr is indicated by return of a null pointer. In this case Ft error may then be checked to see whether this is a temporary failure or an invalid or unknown host. Ft errno can have the following values:

NETDB_INTERNAL
This indicates an internal error in the library, unrelated to the network or name service. Ft errno will be valid in this case; see perror(3).
HOST_NOT_FOUND
No such host is known.
TRY_AGAIN
This is usually a temporary error and means that the local server did not receive a response from an authoritative server. A retry at some later time may succeed.
NO_RECOVERY
Some unexpected server failure was encountered. This is a non-recoverable error, as one might expect.
NO_ADDRESS
The requested name is valid but does not have an IP address; this is not a temporary error. This means that the name is known to the name server but there is no address associated with this name. Another type of request to the name server using this domain name will result in an answer; for example, a mail-forwarder may be registered for this domain.

 

SEE ALSO

hosts(5), hostname(7), named(8), resolver(3), resolver(5), gethostbyname(3), RFC2553.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
ENVIRONMENT
FILES
DIAGNOSTICS
SEE ALSO

linux.jgfs.net manual pages