ISALPHA

Section: Linux Programmer's Manual (3)
Updated: 1995-09-02
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

isalnum, isalpha, isascii, isblank, iscntrl, isdigit, isgraph, islower, isprint, ispunct, isspace, isupper, isxdigit - character classification routines  

SYNOPSIS

#include <ctype.h>

int isalnum(int c);

int isalpha(int c);
int isascii(int c);
int isblank(int c);
int iscntrl(int c);
int isdigit(int c);
int isgraph(int c);
int islower(int c);
int isprint(int c);
int ispunct(int c);
int isspace(int c);
int isupper(int c);
int isxdigit(int c);
 

DESCRIPTION

These functions check whether c, which must have the value of an unsigned char or EOF, falls into a certain character class according to the current locale.
isalnum()
checks for an alphanumeric character; it is equivalent to (isalpha(c) || isdigit(c)).
isalpha()
checks for an alphabetic character; in the standard "C" locale, it is equivalent to (isupper(c) || islower(c)). In some locales, there may be additional characters for which isalpha() is true---letters which are neither upper case nor lower case.
isascii()
checks whether c is a 7-bit unsigned char value that fits into the ASCII character set.
isblank()
checks for a blank character; that is, a space or a tab.
iscntrl()
checks for a control character.
isdigit()
checks for a digit (0 through 9).
isgraph()
checks for any printable character except space.
islower()
checks for a lower-case character.
isprint()
checks for any printable character including space.
ispunct()
checks for any printable character which is not a space or an alphanumeric character.
isspace()
checks for white-space characters. In the C and POSIX locales, these are: space, form-feed ('\f'), newline ('\n'), carriage return ('\r'), horizontal tab ('\t'), and vertical tab ('\v').
isupper()
checks for an uppercase letter.
isxdigit()
checks for a hexadecimal digits, i.e. one of
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 a b c d e f A B C D E F.
 

RETURN VALUE

The values returned are non-zero if the character c falls into the tested class, and a zero value if not.  

CONFORMING TO

C99, 4.3BSD. isascii() is a BSD extension and is also an SVr4 extension. isblank() conforms to POSIX.1-2001 and C99 7.4.1.3.  

NOTE

The details of what characters belong into which class depend on the current locale. For example, isupper() will not recognize an A-umlaut (:A) as an uppercase letter in the default C locale.  

SEE ALSO

iswalnum(3), iswalpha(3), iswblank(3), iswcntrl(3), iswdigit(3), iswgraph(3), iswlower(3), iswprint(3), iswpunct(3), iswspace(3), iswupper(3), iswxdigit(3), setlocale(3), tolower(3), toupper(3), ascii(7), locale(7)


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
RETURN VALUE
CONFORMING TO
NOTE
SEE ALSO

linux.jgfs.net manual pages