XML::XQL::Query

Section: User Contributed Perl Documentation (3)
Updated: 2001-06-20
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NAME

XML::XQL::Query - Creates an XQL query evaluater from a XQL expression  

SYNOPSIS

 use XML::XQL;
 use XML::XQL::DOM;

 $parser = new XML::DOM::Parser;
 $doc = $parser->parsefile ("file.xml");

 # Return all elements with tagName='title' under the root element 'book'
 $query = new XML::XQL::Query (Expr => "book/title");
 @result = $query->solve ($doc);

 # Or (to save some typing)
 @result = XML::XQL::solve ("book/title", $doc);

 

DESCRIPTION

To perform XQL queries on an XML::DOM document (or, in the future, on other XML storage structures), you first have to create an XML::XQL::Query object and pass it a valid XQL query expression. You can then perform queries on one or more documents by calling the solve() method.  

XML::XQL::Query constructor

Usage, e.g:

 $query = new XML::XQL::Query(
        Expr => "book/author",
        Func => [ myfunc => \&my_func,          # define 2 functions
                  myfunc2 => \&my_func2 ],
        FuncArgCount => [ myfunc2 => [2, -1] ], # myfunc2 has 2 or more args
        AllowedOutSideSubquery => [ myfunc => 1 ],
        ConstFunc => [ myfunc2 => 1],
        CompareOper => [ mycmp => \&mycmp ],    # define comparison operator
        q => "str");                            # use str// as string delim

Expr => STRING
The query expression to be evaluated.
NodeQuery => BOOLEAN
If set to 1, the query is a Node Query as opposed to a Full Query (which is the default.) A node query is a query that is only capable of returning Nodes. A full query is capable of returning Node values and non-Node values. Non-Node values include XML Primitives, element type names, namespace URI's, concatenated text nodes, and node type names. The distinction is significant because node queries may appear as XSL match and select patterns, while full queries have use in other applications. The difference between the two forms of queries is trivial and exists only as constraints on the syntax of node queries. Node queries may contain nested full queries.
Func => [ FUNCNAME => FUNCREF, ...]
Defines one or more functions. FUNCNAME is the name as used in the query expression. FUNCREF can be either a function reference like \&my_func or an anonymous sub. See also: defineFunction
Method => [ FUNCNAME => FUNCREF, ...]
Defines one or more methods. FUNCNAME is the name as used in the query expression. FUNCREF can be either a function reference like \&my_func or an anonymous sub. See also: defineMethod
FuncArgCount => [ FUNCNAME => ARGCOUNT, ...]
Defines the number of arguments for one or more functions or methods. FUNCNAME is the name as used in the query expression. See also: defineFunction and defineMethod
AllowedOutsideSubquery => [ FUNCNAME => BOOLEAN, ...]
Defines whether the specified function or method is allowed outside subqueries. FUNCNAME is the name as used in the query expression. See also: defineFunction and defineMethod
ConstFunc => [ FUNCNAME => BOOLEAN, ...]
Defines whether the function (not method!) is a ``constant'' function. FUNCNAME is the name as used in the query expression. See ``Constant Function Invocations'' for a definition of ``constant'' See also: defineFunction and defineMethod
CompareOper => [ OPERNAME => FUNCREF, ...]
Defines the comparison operator with the specified OPERNAME, e.g. if OPERNAME is ``contains'', you can use ``$contains$'' in the query. See also: defineComparisonOperators
q => TOKEN
Defines the q// token. See also: defineTokenQ
qq => TOKEN
Defines the qq// token. See also: defineTokenQQ
Error => FUNCREF
Defines the function that is called when errors occur during parsing the query expression. The default function prints an error message to STDERR.
Debug => FLAGS
Sets the debug level for the Yapp parser that parses the query expression. Default value is 0 (don't print anything). The maximum value is 0x17, which prints a lot of stuff. See the Parse::Yapp manpage for the meaning of the individual bits.
Reserved hash keys
Users may add their own (key, value) pairs to the Query constructor. Beware that the key 'Tree' is used internally.
 

XML::XQL::Query methods

solve (INPUT_LIST...)
Note that solve takes a list of nodes which are assumed to be in document order and must belong to the same document. E.g:

 $query = new XML::XQL::Query (Expr => "doc//book");
 @result = $query->solve ($doc);
 @result2 = $query->solve ($node1, $node2, $node3);

The following functions are also available at the query level, i.e. when called on a Query object they only affect this Query and no others:

 defineFunction, defineMethod, defineComparisonOperators, 
 defineTokenQ, defineTokenQQ

See Global functions for details. Another way to define these features for a particular Query is by passing the appropriate values to the XML::XQL::Query constructor.  

SEE ALSO

XML::XQL for general information about the XML::XQL module

XML::XQL::Tutorial which describes the XQL syntax


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
XML::XQL::Query constructor
XML::XQL::Query methods
SEE ALSO

linux.jgfs.net manual pages