Test::Harness::Straps

Section: Perl Programmers Reference Guide (3pm)
Updated: 2001-09-21
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

Test::Harness::Straps - detailed analysis of test results  

SYNOPSIS

  use Test::Harness::Straps;

  my $strap = Test::Harness::Straps->new;

  # Various ways to interpret a test
  my %results = $strap->analyze($name, \@test_output);
  my %results = $strap->analyze_fh($name, $test_filehandle);
  my %results = $strap->analyze_file($test_file);

  # UNIMPLEMENTED
  my %total = $strap->total_results;

  # Altering the behavior of the strap  UNIMPLEMENTED
  my $verbose_output = $strap->dump_verbose();
  $strap->dump_verbose_fh($output_filehandle);

 

DESCRIPTION

THIS IS ALPHA SOFTWARE in that the interface is subject to change in incompatible ways. It is otherwise stable.

Test::Harness is limited to printing out its results. This makes analysis of the test results difficult for anything but a human. To make it easier for programs to work with test results, we provide Test::Harness::Straps. Instead of printing the results, straps provide them as raw data. You can also configure how the tests are to be run.

The interface is currently incomplete. Please contact the author if you'd like a feature added or something change or just have comments.  

CONSTRUCTION

 

new()

  my $strap = Test::Harness::Straps->new;

Initialize a new strap.  

$strap->_init

  $strap->_init;

Initialize the internal state of a strap to make it ready for parsing.  

ANALYSIS

 

$strap->analyze( $name, \@output_lines )

    my %results = $strap->analyze($name, \@test_output);

Analyzes the output of a single test, assigning it the given $name for use in the total report. Returns the %results of the test. See Results.

@test_output should be the raw output from the test, including newlines.  

$strap->analyze_fh( $name, $test_filehandle )

    my %results = $strap->analyze_fh($name, $test_filehandle);

Like "analyze", but it reads from the given filehandle.  

$strap->analyze_file( $test_file )

    my %results = $strap->analyze_file($test_file);

Like "analyze", but it runs the given $test_file and parses its results. It will also use that name for the total report.  

$strap->_command_line( $file )

Returns the full command line that will be run to test $file.  

$strap->_command()

Returns the command that runs the test. Combine this with "_switches()" to build a command line.

Typically this is $^X, but you can set $ENV{HARNESS_PERL} to use a different Perl than what you're running the harness under. This might be to run a threaded Perl, for example.

You can also overload this method if you've built your own strap subclass, such as a PHP interpreter for a PHP-based strap.  

$strap->_switches( $file )

Formats and returns the switches necessary to run the test.  

$strap->_cleaned_switches( @switches_from_user )

Returns only defined, non-blank, trimmed switches from the parms passed.  

$strap->_INC2PERL5LIB

  local $ENV{PERL5LIB} = $self->_INC2PERL5LIB;

Takes the current value of @INC and turns it into something suitable for putting onto "PERL5LIB".  

$strap->_filtered_INC()

  my @filtered_inc = $self->_filtered_INC;

Shortens @INC by removing redundant and unnecessary entries. Necessary for OSes with limited command line lengths, like VMS.  

$strap->_restore_PERL5LIB()

  $self->_restore_PERL5LIB;

This restores the original value of the "PERL5LIB" environment variable. Necessary on VMS, otherwise a no-op.  

Parsing

Methods for identifying what sort of line you're looking at.  

_is_diagnostic

    my $is_diagnostic = $strap->_is_diagnostic($line, \$comment);

Checks if the given line is a comment. If so, it will place it into $comment (sans #).  

_is_header

  my $is_header = $strap->_is_header($line);

Checks if the given line is a header (1..M) line. If so, it places how many tests there will be in "$strap->{max}", a list of which tests are todo in "$strap->{todo}" and if the whole test was skipped "$strap->{skip_all}" contains the reason.  

_is_bail_out

  my $is_bail_out = $strap->_is_bail_out($line, \$reason);

Checks if the line is a ``Bail out!''. Places the reason for bailing (if any) in $reason.  

_reset_file_state

  $strap->_reset_file_state;

Resets things like "$strap->{max}" , "$strap->{skip_all}", etc. so it's ready to parse the next file.  

Results

The %results returned from "analyze()" contain the following information:

  passing           true if the whole test is considered a pass 
                    (or skipped), false if its a failure

  exit              the exit code of the test run, if from a file
  wait              the wait code of the test run, if from a file

  max               total tests which should have been run
  seen              total tests actually seen
  skip_all          if the whole test was skipped, this will 
                      contain the reason.

  ok                number of tests which passed 
                      (including todo and skips)

  todo              number of todo tests seen
  bonus             number of todo tests which 
                      unexpectedly passed

  skip              number of tests skipped

So a successful test should have max == seen == ok.

There is one final item, the details.

  details           an array ref reporting the result of 
                    each test looks like this:

    $results{details}[$test_num - 1] = 
            { ok          => is the test considered ok?
              actual_ok   => did it literally say 'ok'?
              name        => name of the test (if any)
              diagnostics => test diagnostics (if any)
              type        => 'skip' or 'todo' (if any)
              reason      => reason for the above (if any)
            };

Element 0 of the details is test #1. I tried it with element 1 being #1 and 0 being empty, this is less awkward.  

EXAMPLES

See examples/mini_harness.plx for an example of use.  

AUTHOR

Michael G Schwern "<schwern@pobox.com>", currently maintained by Andy Lester "<andy@petdance.com>".  

SEE ALSO

Test::Harness


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTION
new()
$strap->_init
ANALYSIS
$strap->analyze( $name, \@output_lines )
$strap->analyze_fh( $name, $test_filehandle )
$strap->analyze_file( $test_file )
$strap->_command_line( $file )
$strap->_command()
$strap->_switches( $file )
$strap->_cleaned_switches( @switches_from_user )
$strap->_INC2PERL5LIB
$strap->_filtered_INC()
$strap->_restore_PERL5LIB()
Parsing
_is_diagnostic
_is_header
_is_bail_out
_reset_file_state
Results
EXAMPLES
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

linux.jgfs.net manual pages