SSL_SESSION *SSL_get_session(const SSL *ssl); SSL_SESSION *SSL_get0_session(const SSL *ssl); SSL_SESSION *SSL_get1_session(SSL *ssl);
SSL_get0_session() is the same as SSL_get_session().
SSL_get1_session() is the same as SSL_get_session(), but the reference count of the SSL_SESSION is incremented by one.
SSL_get0_session() returns a pointer to the actual session. As the reference counter is not incremented, the pointer is only valid while the connection is in use. If SSL_clear(3) or SSL_free(3) is called, the session may be removed completely (if considered bad), and the pointer obtained will become invalid. Even if the session is valid, it can be removed at any time due to timeout during SSL_CTX_flush_sessions(3).
If the data is to be kept, SSL_get1_session() will increment the reference count, so that the session will not be implicitly removed by other operations but stays in memory. In order to remove the session SSL_SESSION_free(3) must be explicitly called once to decrement the reference count again.
SSL_SESSION objects keep internal link information about the session cache list, when being inserted into one SSL_CTX object's session cache. One SSL_SESSION object, regardless of its reference count, must therefore only be used with one SSL_CTX object (and the SSL objects created from this SSL_CTX object).