INET6

Section: User Contributed Perl Documentation (3)
Updated: 2004-10-18
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NAME

IO::Socket::INET6 - Object interface for AF_INET|AF_INET6 domain sockets  

SYNOPSIS

    use IO::Socket::INET6;

 

DESCRIPTION

"IO::Socket::INET6" provides an object interface to creating and using sockets in either AF_INET or AF_INET6 domains. It is built upon the IO::Socket interface and inherits all the methods defined by IO::Socket.  

CONSTRUCTOR

new ( [ARGS] )
Creates an "IO::Socket::INET6" object, which is a reference to a newly created symbol (see the "Symbol" package). "new" optionally takes arguments, these arguments are in key-value pairs.

In addition to the key-value pairs accepted by IO::Socket, "IO::Socket::INET6" provides.

    Domain      Address family               AF_INET | AF_INET6 | AF_UNSPEC (default)
    PeerAddr    Remote host address          <hostname>[:<port>]
    PeerHost    Synonym for PeerAddr
    PeerPort    Remote port or service       <service>[(<no>)] | <no>
    PeerFlow    Remote flow information
    PeerScope   Remote address scope 
    LocalAddr   Local host bind address      hostname[:port]
    LocalHost   Synonym for LocalAddr
    LocalPort   Local host bind port         <service>[(<no>)] | <no>
    LocalFlow   Local host flow information
    LocalScope  Local host address scope
    Proto       Protocol name (or number)    "tcp" | "udp" | ...
    Type        Socket type                  SOCK_STREAM | SOCK_DGRAM | ...
    Listen      Queue size for listen
    ReuseAddr   Set SO_REUSEADDR before binding
    Reuse       Set SO_REUSEADDR before binding (deprecated, prefer ReuseAddr)
    ReusePort   Set SO_REUSEPORT before binding
    Broadcast   Set SO_BROADCAST before binding
    Timeout     Timeout value for various operations
    MultiHomed  Try all adresses for multi-homed hosts
    Blocking    Determine if connection will be blocking mode

If "Listen" is defined then a listen socket is created, else if the socket type, which is derived from the protocol, is SOCK_STREAM then connect() is called.

Although it is not illegal, the use of "MultiHomed" on a socket which is in non-blocking mode is of little use. This is because the first connect will never fail with a timeout as the connect call will not block.

The "PeerAddr" can be a hostname, the IPv6-address on the ``2001:800:40:2a05::10'' form , or the IPv4-address on the ``213.34.234.245'' form. The "PeerPort" can be a number or a symbolic service name. The service name might be followed by a number in parenthesis which is used if the service is not known by the system. The "PeerPort" specification can also be embedded in the "PeerAddr" by preceding it with a ``:'', and closing the IPv6 address on bracktes ``[]'' if necessary: ``124.678.12.34:23'',``[2a05:345f::10]:23'',``any.server.com:23''.

If "Domain" is not given, AF_UNSPEC is assumed, that is, both AF_INET and AF_INET6 will be both considered when resolving DNS names. AF_INET6 is prioritary. If you guess you are in trouble not reaching the peer,(the service is not available via AF_INET6 but AF_INET) you can either try Multihomed (try any address/family until reach) or concrete your address "family" (AF_INET, AF_INET6).

If "Proto" is not given and you specify a symbolic "PeerPort" port, then the constructor will try to derive "Proto" from the service name. As a last resort "Proto" ``tcp'' is assumed. The "Type" parameter will be deduced from "Proto" if not specified.

If the constructor is only passed a single argument, it is assumed to be a "PeerAddr" specification.

If "Blocking" is set to 0, the connection will be in nonblocking mode. If not specified it defaults to 1 (blocking mode).

Examples:

   $sock = IO::Socket::INET6->new(PeerAddr => 'www.perl.org',
                                 PeerPort => 'http(80)',
                                 Proto    => 'tcp');

Suppose either you have no IPv6 connectivity or www.perl.org has no http service on IPv6. Then,

(Trying all address/families until reach)

   $sock = IO::Socket::INET6->new(PeerAddr => 'www.perl.org',
                                 PeerPort => 'http(80)',
                                 Multihomed => 1 ,
                                 Proto    => 'tcp');

(Concrete to IPv4 protocol)

   $sock = IO::Socket::INET6->new(PeerAddr => 'www.perl.org',
                                 PeerPort => 'http(80)',
                                 Domain => AF_INET ,
                                 Proto    => 'tcp');

   $sock = IO::Socket::INET6->new(PeerAddr => 'localhost:smtp(25)');

   $sock = IO::Socket::INET6->new(Listen    => 5,
                                 LocalAddr => 'localhost',
                                 LocalPort => 9000,
                                 Proto     => 'tcp');

   $sock = IO::Socket::INET6->new('[::1]:25');

   $sock = IO::Socket::INET6->new(PeerPort  => 9999,
                                 PeerAddr  => inet_ntop(AF_INET6,in6addr_broadcast),
                                 Proto     => udp,    
                                 LocalAddr => 'localhost',
                                 Broadcast => 1 ) 
                             or die "Can't bind : $@\n";

 NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE

As of VERSION 1.18 all IO::Socket objects have autoflush turned on by default. This was not the case with earlier releases.

 NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE NOTE

 

METHODS

sockaddr ()
Return the address part of the sockaddr structure for the socket
sockport ()
Return the port number that the socket is using on the local host
sockhost ()
Return the address part of the sockaddr structure for the socket in a text form (``2001:800:40:2a05::10'' or ``245.245.13.27'')
sockflow ()
Return the flow information part of the sockaddr structure for the socket
sockscope ()
Return the scope identification part of the sockaddr structure for the socket
peeraddr ()
Return the address part of the sockaddr structure for the socket on the peer host
peerport ()
Return the port number for the socket on the peer host.
peerhost ()
Return the address part of the sockaddr structure for the socket on the peer host in a text form (``2001:800:40:2a05::10'' or ``245.245.13.27'')
peerflow ()
Return the flow information part of the sockaddr structure for the socket on the peer host
peerscope ()
Return the scope identification part of the sockaddr structure for the socket on the peer host
 

SEE ALSO

Socket,Socket6, IO::Socket  

AUTHOR

This program is based on IO::Socket::INET by Graham Barr <gbarr@pobox.com> and currently maintained by the Perl Porters.

Modified by Rafael Martinez Torres <rafael.martinez@novagnet.com> and Euro6IX project.  

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (c) 2003- Rafael Martinez Torres <rafael.martinez@novagnet.com>.

Copyright (c) 2003- Euro6IX project.

Copyright (c) 1996-8 Graham Barr <gbarr@pobox.com>.

All rights reserved.

This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
CONSTRUCTOR
METHODS
SEE ALSO
AUTHOR
COPYRIGHT

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