docs::api::APR::URI

Section: User Contributed Perl Documentation (3)
Updated: 2005-10-20
Index Return to Main Contents
 

NAME

APR::URI - Perl API for URI manipulations  

Synopsis

  use APR::URI ();

  my $url = 'http://user:pass@example.com:80/foo?bar#item5';

  # parse and break the url into components
  my $parsed = APR::URI->parse($r->pool, $url);
  print $parsed->scheme;
  print $parsed->user;
  print $parsed->password;
  print $parsed->hostname;
  print $parsed->port;
  print $parsed->path;
  print $parsed->rpath;
  print $parsed->query;
  print $parsed->fragment;

  # reconstruct the url, after changing some components and completely
  # removing other
  $parsed->scheme($new_scheme);
  $parsed->user(undef);
  $parsed->password(undef);
  $parsed->hostname($new_hostname);
  $parsed->port($new_port);
  $parsed->path($new_path);
  $parsed->query(undef);
  $parsed->fragment(undef);
  print $parsed->unparse;

  # get the password field too (by default it's not revealed)
  use APR::Const -compile => qw(URI_UNP_REVEALPASSWORD);
  print $parsed->unparse(APR::Const::URI_UNP_REVEALPASSWORD);

  # what the default port for the ftp protocol?
  my $ftp_port = APR::URI::port_of_scheme("ftp");

 

Description

"APR::URI" allows you to parse URI strings, manipulate each of the URI elements and deparse them back into URIs.

All "APR::URI" object accessors accept a string or an "undef" value as an argument. Same goes for return value. It's important to distinguish between an empty string and "undef". For example let's say your code was:

  my $uri = 'http://example.com/foo?bar#item5';
  my $parsed = APR::URI->parse($r->pool, $uri);

Now you no longer want to the query and fragment components in the final url. If you do:

  $parsed->fragment('');
  $parsed->query('');

followed by:

  my $new_uri = parsed->unparse;

the resulting URI will be:

  http://example.com/foo?#

which is probably not something that you've expected. In order to get rid of the separators, you must completely unset the fields you don't want to see. So, if you do:

  $parsed->fragment(undef);
  $parsed->query(undef);

followed by:

  my $new_uri = parsed->unparse;

the resulting URI will be:

   http://example.com/foo

As mentioned earlier the same goes for return values, so continuing this example:

  my $new_fragment = $parsed->fragment();
  my $new_query    = $parsed->query();

Both values now contain "undef", therefore you must be careful when using the return values, when you use them, as you may get warnings.

Also make sure you read through "the unparse() section" as various optional flags affect how the deparsed URI is rendered.  

API

"APR::URI" provides the following functions and/or methods:  

fragment

Get/set trailing ``#fragment'' string

  $oldval = $parsed->fragment($newval);

obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )
since: 2.0.00
 

hostinfo

Get/set combined "[user[:password]@]host[:port]"

  $oldval = $parsed->hostinfo($newval);

obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )
since: 2.0.00

The "hostinfo" value is set automatically when "parse()" is called.

It's not updated if any of the individual fields is modified.

It's not used when "unparse()" is called.  

hostname

Get/set hostname

  $oldval = $parsed->hostname($newval);

obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )
since: 2.0.00
 

password

Get/set password (as in http://user:password@host:port/)

  $oldval = $parsed->password($newval);

obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )
since: 2.0.00
 

parse

Parse the URI string into URI components

  $parsed = APR::URI->parse($pool, $uri);

obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object or class )
arg1: $pool ( string ) ( APR::Pool object )
arg2: $uri ( string )
The URI to parse
ret: $parsed ( APR::URI object or class )
The parsed URI object
since: 2.0.00

After parsing, if a component existed but was an empty string (e.g. empty query http://hostname/path?) --- the corresponding accessor will return an empty string. If a component didn't exist (e.g. no query part http://hostname/path) --- the corresponding accessor will return "undef".  

path

Get/set the request path

  $oldval = $parsed->path($newval);

obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )
"/" if only "scheme://host"
since: 2.0.00
 

rpath

Gets the "path" minus the "path_info"

  $rpath =  $parsed->rpath();

obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )
The path minus the path_info
since: 2.0.00
 

port

Get/set port number

  $oldval = $parsed->port($newval);

obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( number or string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )
If the port component didn't appear in the parsed URI, APR internally calls "port_of_scheme()" to find out the port number for the given "scheme()".
since: 2.0.00
 

port_of_scheme

Return the default port for a given scheme. The recognized schemes are http, ftp, https, gopher, wais, nntp, snews and prospero.

  $port = APR::URI::port_of_scheme($scheme);

obj: $scheme ( string )
The scheme string
ret: $port (integer)
The default port for this scheme
since: 2.0.00
 

query

Get/set the query string (the part starting after '?' and all the way till the end or the '#fragment' part if the latter exists).

  $oldval = $parsed->query($newval);

obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )
since: 2.0.00
 

scheme

Get/set the protocol scheme (``http'', ``ftp'', ...)

  $oldval = $parsed->scheme($newval);

obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )
since: 2.0.00
 

user

Get/set user name (as in http://user:password@host:port/)

  $oldval = $parsed->user($newval);

obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $newval ( string or undef )
ret: $oldval ( string or undef )
since: 2.0.00
 

unparse

Unparse the URI components back into a URI string

  $new_uri = $parsed->unparse();
  $new_uri = $parsed->unparse($flags);

obj: $parsed ( APR::URI object )
opt arg1: $flags ( the APR::Const :uri constants )
By default the constant "APR::Const::URI_UNP_OMITPASSWORD" is passed.

If you need to pass more than one flag use unary "|", e.g.:

  $flags = APR::Const::URI_UNP_OMITUSER|APR::Const::URI_UNP_OMITPASSWORD;

The valid "flags" constants are listed next

ret: $new_uri ( string )
since: 2.0.00

Valid "flags" constants:

To import all URI constants you could do:

  use APR::Const -compile => qw(:uri);

but there is a significant amount of them, most irrelevant to this method. Therefore you probably don't want to do that. Instead specify explicitly the ones that you need. All the relevant to this method constants start with "APR::URI_UNP_".

And the available constants are:

APR::Const::URI_UNP_OMITSITEPART
Don't show "scheme", "user", "password", "hostname" and "port" components (i.e. if you want only the relative URI)
APR::Const::URI_UNP_OMITUSER
Hide the "user" component
APR::Const::URI_UNP_OMITPASSWORD
Hide the "password" component (the default)
APR::Const::URI_UNP_REVEALPASSWORD
Reveal the "password" component
APR::Const::URI_UNP_OMITPATHINFO
Don't show "path", "query" and "fragment" components
APR::Const::URI_UNP_OMITQUERY
Don't show "query" and "fragment" components

Notice that some flags overlap.

If the optional $flags argument is passed and contains no "APR::Const::URI_UNP_OMITPASSWORD" and no "APR::Const::URI_UNP_REVEALPASSWORD" --- the "password" part will be rendered as a literal "XXXXXXXX" string.

If the "port" number matches the "port_of_scheme()", the unparsed URI won't include it and there is no flag to force that "port" to appear. If the "port" number is non-standard it will show up in the unparsed string.

Examples:

Starting with the parsed URL:

  use APR::URI ();
  my $url = 'http://user:pass@example.com:80/foo?bar#item5';
  my $parsed = APR::URI->parse($r->pool, $url);

deparse it back including and excluding parts, using different values for the optional "flags" argument:

*
Show all but the "password" fields:

  print $parsed->unparse;

Prints:

  http://user@example.com/foo?bar#item5

Notice that the "port" field is gone too, since it was a default "port" for "scheme" "http://".

*
Include the "password" field (by default it's not revealed)

  use APR::Const -compile => qw(URI_UNP_REVEALPASSWORD);
  print $parsed->unparse(APR::Const::URI_UNP_REVEALPASSWORD);

Prints:

  http://user:pass@example.com/foo?bar#item5

*
Show all fields but the last three, "path", "query" and "fragment":

  use APR::Const -compile => qw(URI_UNP_REVEALPASSWORD
                                APR::Const::URI_UNP_OMITPATHINFO);
  print $parsed->unparse(
      APR::Const::URI_UNP_REVEALPASSWORD|URI_UNP_OMITPATHINFO);

Prints:

  http://user:pass@example.com

 

See Also

"Apache2::URI", mod_perl 2.0 documentation.  

Copyright

mod_perl 2.0 and its core modules are copyrighted under The Apache Software License, Version 2.0.  

Authors

The mod_perl development team and numerous contributors.


 

Index

NAME
Synopsis
Description
API
fragment
hostinfo
hostname
password
parse
path
rpath
port
port_of_scheme
query
scheme
user
unparse
See Also
Copyright
Authors

linux.jgfs.net manual pages