Section: User Commands (1)
Updated: December 29, 2007
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xar - eXtensible ARchiver
The XAR project aims to provide an easily extensible archive format. Important
design decisions include an easily extensible XML table of contents (TOC) for
random access to archived files, storing the TOC at the beginning of the
archive to allow for efficient handling of streamed archives, the ability to
handle files of arbitrarily large sizes, the ability to choose independent
encodings for individual files in the archive, the ability to store checksums
for individual files in both compressed and uncompressed form, and the ability
to query the table of content's rich meta-data.
- One of the following options must be used:
Creates an archive
Lists the contents of an archive
Extracts an archive
- NOTE: all of the above require the use of the -f option (filename) as this release of xar doesn't correctly handle pipes or sockets.
The filename to use for creation, listing or extraction. With extraction, this can be a POSIX regular expression.
Specifies the compression type to use.
Valid values: none, gzip, bzip2. Default value: gzip
Has xar dump the xml header into the specified file. "-" can be specified to mean stdout.
Has xar print out the xar binary header information to stdout.
List the subdocuments in the xml header
Specifies the hashing algorithm to use for xml header verification.
Valid values: none, sha1, and md5. Default value: sha1
On archival, stay on the local device.
On extract, set ownership based on uid/gid.
On extract, set ownership based on symbolic names, if possible.
- -s <filename>
On extract, specifies the file to extract subdocuments to.
On archival, specifies an xml file to add as a subdocument.
Specifies a POSIX regular expression of files to exclude from adding to
the archive during creation or from being extracted during extraction.
This option can be specified multiple times.
Specifies a size (in bytes) for the internal libxar read buffer while performing I/O.
When multiple files in the archive are identical, only store one copy of the data in the heap. This creates smaller archives, but the archives created are not streamable.
When the data section of multiple files are identical, hardlink them within the archive.
Specifies a POSIX regular expression of files to archive, but not compress. The archived files will be copied raw into the archive. This can be used to exclude already gzipped files from being gzipped during the archival process.
- xar -cf sample.xar /home/uid
Create a xar archive of all files in /home/uid
- xar -tf sample.xar
List the contents of the xar archive sample.xar
- xar -xf sample.xar
Extract the contents of sample.xar to the current working directory
- Doesn't currently work with pipes or streams. Might be fixed in a future release.
- Probably one or two more somewhere in there. If you find one please report it to http://code.google.com/p/xar/
Rob Braun <bbraun AT synack DOT net>
Landon Fuller <landonf AT bikemonkey DOT org>
Kevin Van Vechten
linux.jgfs.net manual pages