Section: PostgreSQL Client Applications (1)
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createdb - create a new PostgreSQL database
createdb [ option... ] [ dbname ] [ description ]
createdb creates a new PostgreSQL
Normally, the database user who executes this command becomes the owner of
the new database.
However a different owner can be specified via the -O
option, if the executing user has appropriate privileges.
createdb is a wrapper around the
SQL command CREATE DATABASE [create_database(7)].
There is no effective difference between creating databases via
this utility and via other methods for accessing the server.
createdb accepts the following command-line arguments:
Specifies the name of the database to be created. The name must be
unique among all PostgreSQL databases in this cluster.
The default is to create a database with the same name as the
current system user.
Specifies a comment to be associated with the newly created
- -D tablespace
- --tablespace tablespace
Specifies the default tablespace for the database.
Echo the commands that createdb generates
and sends to the server.
- -E encoding
- --encoding encoding
Specifies the character encoding scheme to be used in this
database. The character sets supported by the
PostgreSQL server are described in
- -O owner
- --owner owner
Specifies the database user who will own the new database.
Do not display a response.
- -T template
- --template template
Specifies the template database from which to build this database.
The options -D, -E,
-T correspond to options of the underlying
SQL command CREATE DATABASE [create_database(7)]; see there for more information
createdb also accepts the following
command-line arguments for connection parameters:
- -h host
- --host host
Specifies the host name of the machine on which the
server is running. If the value begins with a slash, it is used
as the directory for the Unix domain socket.
- -p port
- --port port
Specifies the TCP port or the local Unix domain socket file
extension on which the server is listening for connections.
- -U username
- --username username
User name to connect as
Force password prompt.
If set, the name of the database to create, unless overridden on
the command line.
Default connection parameters. PGUSER also
determines the name of the database to create, if it is not
specified on the command line or by PGDATABASE.
In case of difficulty, see CREATE DATABASE [create_database(7)] and psql(1) for
discussions of potential problems and error messages.
The database server must be running at the
targeted host. Also, any default connection settings and environment
variables used by the libpq front-end
library will apply.
To create the database demo using the default
$ createdb demo
The response is the same as you would have gotten from running the
CREATE DATABASE SQL command.
To create the database demo using the
server on host eden, port 5000, using the
LATIN1 encoding scheme with a look at the
$ createdb -p 5000 -h eden -E LATIN1 -e demo
CREATE DATABASE "demo" WITH ENCODING = 'LATIN1'
dropdb(1), CREATE DATABASE [create_database(7)], Environment Variables (the documentation)
- SEE ALSO
linux.jgfs.net manual pages