6.11. pam_group - module to modify group access

pam_group.so

6.11.1. DESCRIPTION

The pam_group PAM module does not authenticate the user, but instead it grants group memberships (in the credential setting phase of the authentication module) to the user. Such memberships are based on the service they are applying for.

By default rules for group memberships are taken from config file /etc/security/group.conf.

This module's usefulness relies on the file-systems accessible to the user. The point being that once granted the membership of a group, the user may attempt to create a setgid binary with a restricted group ownership. Later, when the user is not given membership to this group, they can recover group membership with the precompiled binary. The reason that the file-systems that the user has access to are so significant, is the fact that when a system is mounted nosuid the user is unable to create or execute such a binary file. For this module to provide any level of security, all file-systems that the user has write access to should be mounted nosuid.

The pam_group module fuctions in parallel with the /etc/group file. If the user is granted any groups based on the behavior of this module, they are granted in addition to those entries /etc/group (or equivalent).

6.11.2. DESCRIPTION

The pam_group PAM module does not authenticate the user, but instead it grants group memberships (in the credential setting phase of the authentication module) to the user. Such memberships are based on the service they are applying for.

For this module to function correctly there must be a correctly formatted /etc/security/group.conf file present. White spaces are ignored and lines maybe extended with '\' (escaped newlines). Text following a '#' is ignored to the end of the line.

The syntax of the lines is as follows:

services;ttys;users;times;groups

The first field, the services field, is a logic list of PAM service names that the rule applies to.

The second field, the tty field, is a logic list of terminal names that this rule applies to.

The third field, the users field, is a logic list of users or a netgroup of users to whom this rule applies.

For these items the simple wildcard '*' may be used only once. With netgroups no wildcards or logic operators are allowed.

The times field is used to indicate "when" these groups are to be given to the user. The format here is a logic list of day/time-range entries. The days are specified by a sequence of two character entries, MoTuSa for example is Monday Tuesday and Saturday. Note that repeated days are unset MoMo = no day, and MoWk = all weekdays bar Monday. The two character combinations accepted are Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa Su Wk Wd Al, the last two being week-end days and all 7 days of the week respectively. As a final example, AlFr means all days except Friday.

Each day/time-range can be prefixed with a '!' to indicate "anything but". The time-range part is two 24-hour times HHMM, separated by a hyphen, indicating the start and finish time (if the finish time is smaller than the start time it is deemed to apply on the following day).

The groups field is a comma or space separated list of groups that the user inherits membership of. These groups are added if the previous fields are satisfied by the user's request.

For a rule to be active, ALL of service+ttys+users must be satisfied by the applying process.

6.11.3. OPTIONS

This module does not recognise any options.

6.11.4. MODULE SERVICES PROVIDED

Only the auth service is supported.

6.11.5. RETURN VALUES

PAM_SUCCESS

group membership was granted.

PAM_ABORT

Not all relevant data could be gotten.

PAM_BUF_ERR

Memory buffer error.

PAM_CRED_ERR

Group membership was not granted.

PAM_IGNORE

pam_sm_authenticate was called which does nothing.

PAM_USER_UNKNOWN

The user is not known to the system.

6.11.6. FILES

/etc/security/group.conf

Default configuration file

6.11.7. EXAMPLES

These are some example lines which might be specified in /etc/security/group.conf.

Running 'xsh' on tty* (any ttyXXX device), the user 'us' is given access to the floppy (through membership of the floppy group)

xsh;tty*&!ttyp*;us;Al0000-2400;floppy

Running 'xsh' on tty* (any ttyXXX device), the user 'sword' is given access to games (through membership of the floppy group) after work hours.

xsh; tty* ;sword;!Wk0900-1800;games, sound
xsh; tty* ;*;Al0900-1800;floppy
    

6.11.8. AUTHORS

pam_group was written by Andrew G. Morgan <morgan@kernel.org>.